Transparent Data Encryption

From Oracle FAQ
Jump to: navigation, search

Transparent Data Encryption {TDE) is an Oracle database feature for encrypting sensitive data within the Oracle datafiles to prevent external access to it via the operating system.

Contents

[edit] History

TDE was first introduced in Oracle 10g Release 2. It is an encryption at column level. Oracle 11g introduced the encryption at tablespace level.

[edit] Licensing

According to the Oracle Database Licensing Information Guide: "Oracle Advanced Security provides transparent data encryption of data stored in the database". Advanced Security is a separately licensable option and can only be used with Oracle Enterprise Edition.

[edit] Test case

Create a "wallet" directory in $ORACLE_BASE/admin/$ORACLE_SID where Oracle can store its encryption key. If not, you will get error: ORA-28368: cannot auto-create wallet.

$ mkdir /app/oracle/admin/orcl/wallet

Create the wallet to hold the encryption key:

SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SET ENCRYPTION KEY AUTHENTICATED BY "secretpassword";

The above created wallet must be reopened after an instance restart:

SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SET WALLET OPEN IDENTIFIED BY "secretpassword";

Create a table with encrypted columns:

CREATE TABLE tde_test (
  id   NUMBER,
  data VARCHAR2(30) ENCRYPT
);
INSERT INTO tde_test (id, data) VALUES (1, 'This data in encrypted!');

Select from the table to see the data (wallet is still open):

SQL>  SELECT data FROM tde_test;
DATA
------------------------------
This data in encrypted!

Closing the wallet to prevent access to encrypted columns:

SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SET WALLET CLOSE;

Select from the table to see the data (wallet is closed):

SQL> SELECT data FROM tde_test;
SELECT data FROM tde_test
                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-28365: wallet is not open

[edit] External links