Orapwd

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ORAPWD is a utility used to create a password file for an Oracle Database.

Run orapwd utility before:

  • setting REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE=EXCLUSIVE|SHARED
  • Grant OSDBA/OSOPER to users

Check V$PWFILE_USERS to see who was granted OSDBA/OSOPER access.

[edit] Examples

Create a new password file:

orapwd file=orapwSID password=oracle entries=5

If the password file already exists:

orapwd file=orapwSID password=oracle entries=5 FORCE=Y

The FORCE parameter is available starting from Oracle 10g.