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Is my database/ OS running 32-bit or 64-bit software?

DBAs often need to know if they should install Oracle 32-bit or 64-bit software on a given server. If the operating system support 64-bit applications, the 64-bit Oracle distribution can be loaded. Otherwise, the 32-bit distribution must be installed. The following Unix commands will tell you whether your OS is running 32-bits or 64-bits:

Solaris - isainfo -v (this command doesn't exist on Solaris 2.6 because it is only 32-bits)

HP-UX - getconf KERNEL_BITS

AIX - bootinfo -K

If you need to know if Oracle 32-bit or 64-bit software is currently installed on a system, connect using a command line utility like sqlplus and look at the banner. If you are running 64-bit software, it will be mentioned in the banner. If nothing is listed, you are running on a 32-bit base.

Connected to:
Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning option
JServer Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production

Can an Oracle 32-bit client connect to an Oracle
64-bit DB?

Yes, 32-bit client can

Yes,
32-bit client can connect to 64-bit database.