Unified Audit is a major architectural change: fast, easy, and impossible for the DBA to bypass. On upgrade to Oracle 12c, you really should enable it. The earlier method that we all use is pretty awful.
It is a frequently asked question in almost all the Oracle forums. There have had been numerous questions/posts regarding "But how to generate the trace file?" Well, it might seem a heck of a task, however, looking it step by step will make you understand that it is actually not that difficult.
Usually, database application developers do not have the required/necessary permissions/privileges to do all the steps that I will mention below. However, most of the steps could be done by application developer.
An important thing regarding function, you would agree with me that, at least once a PL/SQL developer must have heard that "A function MUST ALWAYS RETURN a VALUE of proper datatype".
One of the most important things that a developer does apart from just code development is, debugging. Isn’t it? Yes, debugging the code to fix the errors that are raised. But, in order to actually debug, we need to first capture them somewhere. As of now, any application has it’s own user defined error logging table(s).
Imagine, if the tool is rich enough to automatically capture the errors.
The concept of an adaptive plan is that execution of a statement can start with one plan, and (during execution) switch to another. A pretty amazing capability. No need to run the statement to completion and try again: correct it in flight.
I was at the Connecticut Oracle User Group re-launch meeting last week, talking about some of the 12c new features that I specially like: those related to what I call "the self-learning database".
Why does the CBO get it wrong? Often because it has insufficient information. No matter how often you analyze your tables, if your queries use multi-column predicates, the CBO will mis-calculate the cardinalities. You have to understand your data, and create extended statistics to correlate the columns. How many people do this? Hardly any. Not a problem any more: release 12c can do this for you. If you configure it appropriately.
Oracle Pipelined Table Functions
Basically, when you would like a PLSQL (or java or c) routine to be the «source»
of data -- instead of a table -- you would use a pipelined function.
PIPELINED functions will operate like a table.
A PL/SQL function may be used in a data warehouse database to transform large amounts of data. This might also involve massaging the data in a series of transformations, each performed by different functions.
virtual columns in 11g
Oracle has supported stored expressions for many years, in views and function-based indexes. Most commonly, views enable us to store and modularise computations and expressions based on their underlying tables' columns. In more recent versions (since around the 8i timeframe), we have been able to index expressions using function-based indexes.