The Rule engine is one of the critical pieces in an auditing solution. It sits between the data collection and the reporting output. It is the heart of the functionality that will take the job of reviewing the reports from impossible to manageable to easy. The reason it is so important is the vast amount of SQLs that go through a database engine. A good rule engine will reduce the amount of SQLs in the report and increase their relevance.
Change control is an important part of being compliant. You will not pass an audit without having a change control process in place. One of the requirements you might face is to monitor all changes in the database and make sure they all came from the change control process.
Blue Core Research's "NO BULL" buyers guide to Database Auditing products - Part 13: Application user IdentificationSubmitted by tduong on Mon, 2010-11-08 22:23
There is a common misconception about the value of application user identification. The reason for the misconception is the marketing of this feature by some companies, but we'll get into all that later. First lets examine the idea.
Most applications have a single database user that they use to access the data. To enforce security, these applications maintain an internal list of users and roles that they enforce. In other words – instead of using the database security features, that functionality is performed by the application. The result is that when you look at the database activity you see everything coming from a single user. An obvious requirement is to map the database activity to the application user as it is seen by the application.
Blue Core Research's "NO BULL" buyers guide to Database Auditing products - Part 14: Oracle and MS SQL ServerSubmitted by tduong on Fri, 2010-10-29 00:59
Most companies have more than one database vendor. Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, MySQL and Sybase are all common depending on the company, and some use less common databases such as TeraData. There are, however, some important questions to ask before you dive into your cross platform heterogeneous requirements:
* Which databases do you actually need to audit? Is all your SOX, PCI, HIPAA or other sensitive data scattered across all these databases, or is your SQL Server just used for small home-grown apps that do not have any auditing requirements?
* Do you have the same DBA or team managing all these databases, or are they different teams that will end up managing auditing solutions independently? In the later case you are better off choosing the best solution for each database rather than mandating a single solution no one is too happy with.
Part of my job is teaching for Oracle University, and I'm often asked about OCP exam technique. Here are a few hints. The OCM exam is very different, and the confidentiality rules forbid me from discussing it, so please don't ask.
This note is an attempt to summarize some of the 11gR2 facilities that allow for greater virtualization of resources, reducing reliance on networking facilities supplied by the operating system. All corrections welcome.
One common problem: You are allocated to a new project and find that nothing is documented.
By running this script, you get four important points of information: Tablespace status, installed products and its versions, oracle parameters different to default and status of tables:
SET LINESIZE 1000
SET PAGESIZE 1000
prompt You can leave this script copied at $ORACLE_HOME\rdbms\admin\
prompt - Remember to use also statspack o bstats depending on the Oracle version
prompt - Review alert.log
prompt TABLESPACE STATUS
Select t.tablespace_name "Table
Installing Oracle 11g 64 bit on Windows Server 2008
When installing Oracle 126.96.36.199 on Windows Server 2008 64 bit, the installer gave a an error saying the Operating System ( OS ) was not supporting. In looking at the install log on c:\program files\oracle, I noticed the installer thinks the OS is windows vista.
To work around this error, I selected the check box for user verified and continued with the install.
Use the SQL Tuning Advisor for tuning SQL statements. Typically, you can run this advisor in response to an ADDM performance finding that recommends its use.
Additionally, you can run the SQL Tuning Advisor on the most resource-intensive SQL statements, referred to as top SQL, from the cursor cache or the AWR, as well as on a user-defined SQL workload.
To run the SQL Tuning Advisor do the following:
Here I present a simple query to use when we want to move the tables and indexes of several users at once.
To make it one by one:
ALTER TABLE xxxxxx MOVE TABLESPACE TEST; ALTER INDEX xxxxxx REBUILD TABLESPACE TEST;
To move data from multiple owners.